Noxious Weeds in Montana

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Montana Department of Agriculture

Montana Noxious Weed List - Updated 8/07/2015

Priority 1A These weeds are not present or have very limited presence in Montana.  Management criteria will require eradication if detected, education, and prevention:
(a) yellow starthistle (Centaurea solstitialis)
(b)  dyers woad  (Isatis tinctoria)
(c) Common Reed (Phragmites australis ssp. australis)

Priority 1B These weeds have limited presence in Montana.  Management criteria will require eradication or containment and education.
(a) knotweed complex ( Polygonum cuspidatum, P. sachalinense, P. polystachyum P. x bohemicum, Fallopia japonica, F. sachalinensis, F. x bohemica, Reynoutria japonica, R. sachalinensis and R. x bohemica)
purple loosestrife  (Lythrum salicaria,
rush skeletonweed  (Chondrilla  juncea)
Scotch broom  (Cytisus scoparius
Priority 2A
These weeds are common in isolated areas of Montana.  Management criteria will require eradication or containment where less abundant.  Management shall be prioritized by local weed districts.
tansy ragwort  (Senecio jacobea, Jacobaea vulgaris)
meadow hawkweed complex  (Hieracium caespitosum, H. floridundum, H. paealturm, and Pilosella caespitosa)
(c) orange hawkweed  (Hieracium aurantiacum, Pilosella aurantica)
(d) tall buttercup  (Ranunculus acris )
(e) perennial pepperweed  (Lepidium latifolium)
(f) yellow flag iris  (Iris pseudacorus)
(g) blueweed  (Echium vulgare)  
(h)  Eurasian watermilfoil  (Myriophyllum spicatum)
flowering rush (Butomus umbellatus)
Priority 2B (a) Canada thistle  (Cirsium arvense) 
field bindweed  (Convolvulus arvensis)
(c) leafy spurge  (Euphorbia esula) 
(d) whitetop (Cardaria draba, lepidium draba)
(e) Russian knapweed  ( Acroptilon repens, Rhaponticum repens)
(f) spotted knapweed  (Centaurea maculosa C. stoebe) 
(g) diffuse knapweed  (Centaurea diffusa)
(h) Dalmatian toadflax  (Linaria dalmatica) 
(i) St. Johnswort  (Hypericum perforatum)
sulfur cinquefoil  (Potentilla recta)
(k) common tansy  (Tanacetum vulgare )  
(l) oxeye daisy  (Leucanthemum vulgare)  
(m) houndstongue  (Cynoglossum officinale)  
(n) yellow toadflax  (Linaria vulgaris)
(o) saltcedar   (Tamarix spp.)
(p) hoary alyssum  (Berteroa incana
(q) curly leaved pondweed (Potamogeton crispus)
Priority 3 Regulated Plants:  (NOT MONTANA LISTED NOXIOUS WEEDS)
These regulated plants have the potential to have significant negative impacts.  The plant may not be intentionally spread or sold other than as a contaminant in agricultural products.  The state recommends research, education and prevention to minimize the spread of the regulated plant.
(a) c
heatgrass  (Bromus tectorum)
(b) hydrilla (Hydrilla verticillata)
(c) Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia)
(d) Brazillian waterweed (Egeria densa)
(e) parrot feather watermilfoil (Myriophyllum aquaticum or M. brasiliense)

  Updated 7/15 by Alycia Loomis HOME